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Integrated Writing Program: APA Reference List
The reference list is an alphabetical list of the works cited in your paper. It includes all the information readers need to locate your source. It should be on a separate sheet attached to the end of your paper and titled "References." Entries should be double-spaced and use a hanging indent. They should not be numbered.
Each entry in the reference list should contain the author(s)' last name and first initial, as well as the year the work was published and the title. The exact ordering of this information differs according to the medium in which the work was published.
APA style has different rules for title capitalization and italics than other forms of documentation. In general, only the first word of a book or article's title is capitalized. Proper nouns are always capitalized. Also, if the title contains a colon or dash, the word immediately following it is capitalized. You should always italicize book and journal titles. Article titles are neither italicized nor in quotes.
Book with one author
Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional intelligence: Why it can
matter more than IQ. New York: Bantam.
Book with two or more authors
Halpern, J.W., KIlborn, J.M., & Lokke, A.M. (1988).
Business writing strategies and samples. New
York: Macmillian Publishing Company.
Selection in an edited anthology or book
Frye, R.M. (1992). Language for God and the theology
of metaphor. In A.F. Kimmel (Ed.), Speaking the
Christian God: The holy trinity and the challenge
of feminism (pp. 17-43). Grand Rapids, MI:
William B. Eardmans Publishing Company.
Article in a journal paginated by volume
Barker, D. & Barker, L. (1992) Criteria for evaluating
models of interpersonal communication processes.
Communication Yearbook, 15, 633-643.
Article in a journal paginated by issue
Prabu, D. & Johnson, M. (1998). The role of self in
third-person effects about body image. Journal
of Communication, 48, (3), 37-58.
Article in a magazine
Wolffe, R. (2004, October 25). Kerry by the Book.
Newsweek, 144, 38-41.
Article in a newspaper
Cole, M. (2004, October 27). Wu, Ameri draw others
into their fight. The Oregonian, p. A1.
Document in a web site
American Psychological Association. (2000, January).
Successful aging: The second 50. APA Monitor.
Retrieved October 2, 1999, from