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APA Reference List

The reference list is an alphabetical list of the works cited in your paper. It includes all the information readers need to locate your source. It should be on a separate sheet attached to the end of your paper and titled "References." Entries should be double-spaced and use a hanging indent. They should not be numbered.

Each entry in the reference list should contain the author(s)' last name and first initial, as well as the year the work was published and the title. The exact ordering of this information differs according to the medium in which the work was published.

APA style has different rules for title capitalization and italics than other forms of documentation. In general, only the first word of a book or article's title is capitalized. Proper nouns are always capitalized. Also, if the title contains a colon or dash, the word immediately following it is capitalized. You should always italicize book and journal titles. Article titles are neither italicized nor in quotes.

Book with one author

Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional intelligence: Why it can

matter more than IQ. New York: Bantam.

Book with two or more authors

Halpern, J.W., KIlborn, J.M., & Lokke, A.M. (1988).

Business writing strategies and samples. New

York: Macmillian Publishing Company.

Selection in an edited anthology or book

Frye, R.M. (1992). Language for God and the theology

of metaphor. In A.F. Kimmel (Ed.), Speaking the

Christian God: The holy trinity and the challenge

of feminism (pp. 17-43). Grand Rapids, MI:

William B. Eardmans Publishing Company.

Article in a journal paginated by volume

Barker, D. & Barker, L. (1992) Criteria for evaluating

models of interpersonal communication processes.

Communication Yearbook, 15, 633-643.

Article in a journal paginated by issue

Prabu, D. & Johnson, M. (1998). The role of self in

third-person effects about body image. Journal

of Communication, 48, (3), 37-58.

Article in a magazine

Wolffe, R. (2004, October 25). Kerry by the Book.

Newsweek, 144, 38-41.

Article in a newspaper

Cole, M. (2004, October 27). Wu, Ameri draw others

into their fight. The Oregonian, p. A1.

Document in a web site

American Psychological Association. (2000, January).

Successful aging: The second 50. APA Monitor.

Retrieved October 2, 1999, from

APA Quick Reference